Main Article Content
The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of several concentrations of MS medium on in vitro establishment of Peltophorum dubium shoot apical segments (80-100 mm) isolated from seedlings germinated under aseptic conditions. The salts concentrations 50, 75, 100, 125 and 150% of MS medium, were supplemented with 30 g L-1 sucrose, 100 mg L-1 of myo-inositol, 7 g L-1 agar and pH adjusted to 5.7. The experimental design was completely randomized, with 20 replications, each consisting of a vial containing one explant. The cultures were maintained for 60 days in culture room under 16-hour photoperiod, light intensity of 20 μmol m-2 s-1 and temperature of 25±2°C. There was no effect of different concentrations of MS medium for most variables. High average of in vitro survival (98%) and establishment (98%) were observed. The largest number of leaves (2.8) occurred at a dilution of 75%, decreasing from this point. At the same concentration the highest callus induction was observed, which was decreasing until not be observed under 125% of original composition; at 150% there was, again, the presence of calli. It was not observed rooting of explants during in vitro cultivation. Considering the set of variables and, additionally, that the presence of calli is not desirable, it is recommended the use of the original concentration of salts from the MS nutrient medium for the in vitro establishment of P. dubium shoot apicals segments.