Main Article Content
Background: The spread of forest fire is a complex natural phenomenon. The cellular automata(CA) is a common model of forest fire spread, which fails to combine the unique combustion properties of forest fire spreading, resulting in inaccurate simulation results. In order to improve the accuracy of forest fire spread simulation, the Rothermel forest fire rate formula is simplified and combined with CA to form a multi-dimensional cellular automata(MD-CA) model of forest fire spread with different combustion properties in each cell. The formulas of the spread rate of forest fire in eight directions are obtained through the training datasets, and the testing datasets are used to compare the simulation results of CA model, MD-CA model and the actual fire spread.
Results: It is concluded that the simulated areas and perimeters of the MD-CA are closer to the actual forest fire spread, the area error rate is 9.42% - 15.63%, and the perimeter error is 4.21% - 8.99%, The errors are less than CA model.
Conclusion: The MD-CA model based on Rothermel has the strong ability to simulate the spread of fire in the laboratory, however, how to eliminate the errors over time is the task of the next stage.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: a) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication (original form ); b ) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post and share their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on their website).