INFLUENCE OF BELT SPEED, GRIT SIZES AND PRESSURE ON THE SANDING OF Eucalyptus grandis WOOD

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Francisco Mateus Faria de Almeida Varasquim Manoel Cléber de Sampaio Alves Marcos Tadeu Tiburcio Gonçalves Luis Fernando Frezzatti Santiago Alexandre Jorge Duarte de Souza

Abstract

The sanding process is important to the quality of wood products. Sanding reduces imperfections in wood surfaces and it is important to the final product and application of paints or varnishes. There are few studies about sanding in the literature and finding out the relationship between the input parameters (i.e., species of wood, grit size, abrasive) on the output parameters (i.e., roughness, force, pressure) will help to improve this process. This study analyzed the influence of input parameters as belt speed (cutting speed), grit size and pressure on the output parameters as surface roughness, cutting force (sanding force) and power consumption on cross-grain sanding of Eucalyptus grandis wood. The tests were performed with 3 types of grit sizes (80, 100 and 120 grit), 3 belt speeds (10, 11 and 12 m/s) and 2 pressures (219.89 and 283.44 g/cm²). The surface roughness was analyzed based on roughness average (Ra). Sanding efforts were analyzed by cutting force and power consumption. It was found that the 100 grit size provided the lowest cutting force. It was observed that the belt speed, pressure and grit size influenced the surface roughness, cutting force and power consumption. The best surface finishes were obtained in tests with higher pressure.

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How to Cite
VARASQUIM, Francisco Mateus Faria de Almeida et al. INFLUENCE OF BELT SPEED, GRIT SIZES AND PRESSURE ON THE SANDING OF Eucalyptus grandis WOOD. CERNE, [S.l.], v. 18, n. 2, p. 231-237, apr. 2016. ISSN 2317-6342. Available at: <http://cerne.ufla.br/site/index.php/CERNE/article/view/819>. Date accessed: 19 sep. 2019.
Keywords
Roughness, cutting force, power consumption.
Section
Article