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A study of wood anatomy of eight natives species from “cerrado” vegetation suitable for energy was carried out in this paper. The total biomass was estimated from measurement of specific gravity. Among the parameters considered for wood qualification for energy production, were wall fraction of fibres and vessels, and frequency of fibres, as well as radial and axial parenchyma. The species with wood suitable for charcoal production are: Buchenavia ochroprumna, Eichler, Chomelia parviflora (M. Arg.) M. Arg., Copaifera maritii Hayne, Caryocar coriaceum Wittm. Dipteryx alata Vog. and Hymenaea courbaril L. var. stilbocarpa (Hayne) Leilang; Cordia bicolor DC. and Anacardium microcarpum Ducke, for production of pulp for paper.