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The objective of this research was to evaluate the initial growth of the Brazilian palmheart in agroforestry systems. Four treatments were selected: t1: Brazilian palmheart x hondurean pine; t2: Brazilian palmheart x eucalipto; t3: Brazilian palmheart x secondary forest; t4: Brazilian palmheart in full open conditions. Mensurations of the total height (H), “bold diameter” (DAC) and number of leaves were done. The following evaluations have been made: luminosity, dry matter of the litter, density, moisture content and water avaibility in the soil. The results showed that treatment t1 was the most promising due to low relative luminosity index and soil water avaibility found in that treatment. The low values of H and DAC made unviable the introduction of the Brazilian palmheart in the treatments t2, t3 and t4. Luminosity and water deficit were the main factors limiting Brazilian palmheart growth.