NUTRITION OF MATE-TREE WITH AMMONIUM SULFATE FERTILIZER

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Marcia Marzagão Ribeiro Carlos Bruno Reissmann Daniel Resende Corrêa

Abstract

Mate tea leaves are the product of commercialization of the mate-tea tree (Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil.), which leads to a great export of N, requiring its reposition.  In previous nutritional studies of the mate-tea tree, it was observed that its production and metabolism was positively influenced by the ammonium form nitrogen fertilizer. This investigation tested different levels of nitrogen fertilization, in its ammonium form, in a commercial plantation, for verifying its effects on the nutritional status and on the productivity. The experiment was assembled in the region of Ivaí - Paraná, using, as fertilizer, the ammonium sulfate in the dosages of 00, 40, 60, 80 kg N ha-1. The statistical design was randomized blocks, with a split-plot arrangement, consisting of four treatments, two evaluation seasons with five replications and twenty plants per plot, being laid out in a 2,0 m x 3,5 m spacing. The evaluation of the plant’s nutritional status was performed through foliar analysis total N, K, P, Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn and Al, in winter and summer, with fertilizations performed for two years. It was concluded that nitrogen supplied in the form of ammonium sulfate has a positive influence on the biomass up to the rate of 52,5 kg N ha-1. The harvesting season influences the plant’s chemical composition. The fertilization significantly influences the foliar contents of N, K and Mg and Zn during winter and Fe, Cu e Al during summer.

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How to Cite
RIBEIRO, Marcia Marzagão; REISSMANN, Carlos Bruno; CORRÊA, Daniel Resende. NUTRITION OF MATE-TREE WITH AMMONIUM SULFATE FERTILIZER. CERNE, [S.l.], v. 14, n. 3, p. 204-211, sep. 2015. ISSN 2317-6342. Available at: <http://cerne.ufla.br/site/index.php/CERNE/article/view/254>. Date accessed: 23 sep. 2019.
Keywords
Ilex paraguariensis, fertilization, nitrogen
Section
Article