INFLUENCE OF ALTITUDE, AGE AND DIAMETER ON YIELD AND ALPHA-BISABOLOL CONTENT OF CANDEIA TREES (Eremanthus erythropappus)

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Cláudia Lopes Selvati de Oliveira Mori José Otávio Brito José Roberto Soares Scolforo Edson José Vidal Lourival Marin Mendes

Abstract

The heartwood of candeia tree is a source of essential oil rich in alpha-bisabolol, a substance widely used in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industry. Bearing in mind the economic importance of alpha-bisabolol, this work aimed to evaluate the influence of tree age on the yield and content of alpha-bisabolol present in essential oil from candeia, considering two distinct reliefs and three diameter classes, in Aiuruoca region, south Minas Gerais state. The two distinct reliefs correspond respectively to one section of the stand growing at 1,000m of altitude (Area 1) and another section growing at 1,100m of altitude (Area 2). In each section, 15 trees were felled from among 3 different diameter classes. Discs were removed from the base of each tree to estimate their age by doing growth ring count. Soil samples were taken and subjected to physical and chemical analysis. The logs were reduced into chips and random samples were taken for distillation to extract essential oil. The method used was steam distillation at a pressure of 2 kgf/cm2/2.5 h. The chemical analysis was performed in a gas chromatograph (GC) based on the alpha-bisabolol standard reference. The yield of essential oil from trees in Area 1 was higher than that from trees in Area 2, with the same pattern of influence for older trees. In Area 2, the alpha-bisabolol content was higher in younger trees. No differences were found between the relevant parameters in relation to diameter classes.  

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How to Cite
MORI, Cláudia Lopes Selvati de Oliveira et al. INFLUENCE OF ALTITUDE, AGE AND DIAMETER ON YIELD AND ALPHA-BISABOLOL CONTENT OF CANDEIA TREES (Eremanthus erythropappus). CERNE, [S.l.], v. 15, n. 3, p. 339-345, may 2015. ISSN 2317-6342. Available at: <http://cerne.ufla.br/site/index.php/CERNE/article/view/190>. Date accessed: 16 sep. 2019.
Keywords
Essential oil, tree age, Eremanthus erytropappus, alpha-bisabolol
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