Vegetative rescue and rooting of cuttings of different stock plants of Sequoia sempervirens

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Mariane de Oliveira Pereira Alessandro Camargo Ângelo Marcio Carlos Navroski Mario Dobner Júnior Luciana Magda de Oliveira

Abstract

Sequoia is a fast-growing, long-living species, producing durable timber. The aim of this study was to test different methods for the vegetative rescue of Sequoia sempervirens adult trees, made at different periods of the year, and, later, testing the rooting of individualized cuttings in planned arrays. Twenty-four individual sequoias were rescued, applying girdling and semi-girdling at three different heights (-10, 0, and 30 cm), each treatment consisting of four repetitions on each individual. The first collection was made 90 days after application of the treatments, being repeated at 150, 240, and 360 days. The percentage of budding trees and the number of shoots per array were registered. In all collections, shoots produced cuttings, which were placed for rooting in propagation boxes. Cutting survival (%), rooting (%), and number of roots were registered, per array, and per collection. The species vegetative rescue proved to be efficient for the production of shoots for stem cuttings, especially with girdling at 30 cm and semi-girdling at -10 cm. However, it is difficult to define the best method, mainly because of the genetic effect among stock plants. The rooting of cuttings, of recovered material, presented good results (average >65%), also with great differences among stock plants. The potential for rooting of cuttings varied according to different planting periods, with high rooting rates in all seasons, especially in summer. Sequoia sempervirens shows the potential for vegetative rescue and cloning by rooting of cuttings, and this may lead to new studies, with a view towards fixing clones.

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How to Cite
PEREIRA, Mariane de Oliveira et al. Vegetative rescue and rooting of cuttings of different stock plants of Sequoia sempervirens. CERNE, [S.l.], v. 23, n. 4, p. 435-444, jan. 2018. ISSN 2317-6342. Available at: <http://cerne.ufla.br/site/index.php/CERNE/article/view/1746>. Date accessed: 21 feb. 2018.
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