Technological properties of plywood bonded with phenol-formaldehyde resol resin modified with bio-oil

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Nadir Ayrilmis Günay Özbay


Phenol-formaldehyde (PF) resol resins were produced by substituting up to 20 wt% of phenol with bio-oil by modifying the chemical synthesis process. Pine sawdust was converted into renewable chemical feedstock for the production of bio-oil modified PF resins. FT-IR analysis was performed to characterize the organic functional groups in bio-oil modified PF resins. In comparison to a commercial and lab-made PF resins, the bio-oil modified PF resins were found to have larger average molecular weights, higher polydispersity indices and shorter gel times. The plywood composites produced with bio-oil modified PF resin up to 20 wt% had better mechanical properties and wet bond strength as compared to commercial and lab-made PF resins.

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AYRILMIS, Nadir; ÖZBAY, Günay. Technological properties of plywood bonded with phenol-formaldehyde resol resin modified with bio-oil. CERNE, [S.l.], v. 23, n. 4, p. 493-500, jan. 2018. ISSN 2317-6342. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 21 feb. 2018.
Bio-oil, technological properties, Phenol-formaldehyde, Pyrolysis, Wood


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