Main Article Content

Veronica Brito da Silva Rogerio Figueiredo Daher Bruna Rafaela da Silva Menezes Maria Lorraine Fonseca Oliveira Maria do Socorro Bezerra Araújo Antonio Alonso Cecon Novo


The elephant-grass undergoes successive cutting and periodical evaluations that it possible to identify clones with high stability for dry matter production, which can be used for energy production. The present study was carried out to evaluate stability dry matter yield  for different parametric and non-parametric methods in elephant grass genotypes for biomass production undergoes successive cutting in the agroclimatic conditions of the Norte Fluminense (RJ, Brazil). The variable measured in the 40 genotypes was dry matter yield (DMY) at 2009, 2010 and 2011 in a field study designed as randomized block design with two replicates. Each sample was grown in a different environment. The stability methods tested were the Yates and Cochran’s, Plaisted and Peterson’s, Wricke’s ecovalence, Annicchiarico’s, Lin and Binns’ and Kang and Phan’s. Results indicated that cutting (E) and genotypes (G) influenced significantly on the performance of dry matter yield. The non-parametric stability methods were effective for the evaluation of stability in dry matter yield. Genotypes Mercker, Pinda-México, Mercker 86-México, Guaçu/IZ, Mercker Pinda, P-241-Piracicaba and Cubano Pinda were stable stability dry matter yield. Hence, there are genotypes  may  be exploited  in future breeding programmes in order to improve productivity of upland elephant grass over environment.

Article Details

How to Cite
DA SILVA, Veronica Brito et al. DIFFERENT STABILITY METHODS FOR CULTIVAR RECOMMENDATION IN ELEPHANT-GRASS FOR ENERGY PURPOSES IN BRAZIL. CERNE, [S.l.], v. 23, n. 4, p. 507-515, jan. 2018. ISSN 2317-6342. Available at: <http://cerne.ufla.br/site/index.php/CERNE/article/view/1422>. Date accessed: 21 feb. 2018.
Alternative energy, biomass, genotype × cutting interaction


ANDERSON W.F.; DIEN B.S.; BRANDON S.K.; PETERSON J.D. Assessment of Bermuda grass and bunch grasses as feedstocks for conversion to ethanol. Applied Biochemistry Biotechnology,v. 145, p.13-21,2008.
AZEVEDO, A.L.S.; COSTA, P.P.; MACHADO, J.C.; MACHADO, M.A.; PEREIRA, A.V.; LEDO, F.J. da S. Cross Species Amplification of Pennisetum glaucum Microsatellite Markers in Pennisetum purpureum and Genetic Diversity of Napier Grass Accessions. Crop Science, v.52, p. 1776-1785,2012.
BOSE, L. K.; JAMBHULKAR, N. N.; PANDE, K.; SINGH, O. N. Use of AMMI and other stability statistics in the simultaneous selection of rice genotypes for yield and stability under direct-seeded conditions. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, v. 74,p. 3-9, 2014.
CASTILLO, D.; MATUS, I.; DEL POZO, A.; MADARIAGA ,R.; MELLADO, M. Adaptability and genotype × environment interaction of spring wheat cultivars in Chile using regression analysis, AMMI, and SREG. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research ,v. 72,p.167-174, 2012.
CRUZ, C.D.GENES: a software package for analysis in experimental statistics and quantitative genetics. Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy , v.35, p.271-276, 2013.
CRUZ, C.D.; CARNEIRO, P.C.S. Modelos Biométricos Aplicados ao Melhoramento Genético. Viçosa, Brazil: Viçosa University Press, 2014,564p.
CUNHA, M. V. da; LIRA, M. DE A.; SANTOS, M. V. F. dos; DUBEUX JÚNIOR, J. C. B;, DE MELLO, A. C. L.; FREITAS, E. V. Adaptabilidade e estabilidade da produção de forragem por meio de diferentes metodologias na seleção de clones de Pennisetum spp. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias, v. 8, p.681-686, 2013.
DAHER, R.F.; PEREIRA, M. G.; AMARAL JR, A. T. A.; PEREIRA, V.; LÉDO, F. J. S.; DAROS, M. Estabilidade da produção forrageira em clones de capim-elefante (Pennisetum purpureum Schum.). Ciência Agrotecnologia, v. 27 ,p. 788-797,2003.
DAHER, R. F.; SOUZA, L.B.; GRAVINA, G.A.; MACHADO, J.C.; RAMOS, H.C.C.; SILVA, V.Q.R.; MENEZES, B.R.S.; SCHNEIDER, L.S.A.; OLIVEIRA, M.L.F.; GOTTARDO, R.D. Use of elephant grass for energy production in Campos dos Goytacazes-RJ, Brazil. Genetics and Molecular Research, v.13, p.10898-10908, 2014.
DEHAAN, L. R.; WEISBERG, S.; TILMAN, D.; FORNARA, D. (2010) Agricultural and biofuel implications of a species diversity experiment with native perennial grassland plants. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment,v. 137, p.33–38, 2010.
ESCOBAR, M.; BERTI M.; MATUS I.; TAPI M; JOHNSON, B. Genotype × environment interaction in canola (Brassica Napus l.) seed yield in Chile. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research,v. 71, p.175-186, 2011.
JAKOB, K.; ZHOU F.; PATERSON, A.H. Genetic improvement of C4 grasses as cellulosic biofuel feedstocks. In Vitro Cellular e Developmental Biology-Plant, v. 45, p. 291-305, 2009.
KALT, G. ; KRANZ ,L. L. Assessing the economic efficiency of bioenergy technologies in climate mitigation and fossil fuel replacement in Austria using a techno-economic approach. Applied Energy, v. 88, p.3665-3684, 2011.
LEE, M.K.; TSAI, W.T.; TSAI, Y.L.; LIN S.H. Pyrolysis of napier grass in an induction-heating reactor. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. v. 88, p.110-116, 2010.
MENEZES B.R.; DAHER R.F.; GRAVINA G.D.A.; PEREIRA A.V.; SOUSA L.B.; RODRIGUES E. V.; SILVA, V.B.; GOTTARDO, R.D.;SCHNEIDER L.S.A. ; NOVO, A.A Estimates of heterosis parameters in elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.) for bioenergy production. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, v.75, p. 395-401, 2015.
MONTI, A.; ZATTA, A. Root distribution and soil moisture retrieval in perennial and annual energy crops in Northern Italy. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, v.132,p. 252, 2009.
NASCIMENTO, M.; NASCIMENTO, A. C. C.; CIRILLO, M. Â.; FERREIRA, A.; PETERNELLI, L. A.; DE PAULA, R. F. Association between responses obtained using adaptability and stability methods in alfalfa. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, v. 34, p. 2545-2554, 2013.
OLIVEIR, É.; DAHER, R. F.; PONCIANO, N. J.; DE AMARAL GRAVINA, G.; de ALMEIDA SANT'ANA ,J. A.; GOTTARDO, R. D.; SILVA, V.B.; ROCHA, A.S. Variation of Morpho-Agronomic and Biomass Quality Traits in Elephant Grass for Energy Purposes According to Nitrogen Levels. American Journal of Plant Sciences, v.11, p.1685, 2015.
OLIVEIRA, A. V. de; DAHER, R. F.; MENEZES, B. R. DA S.; GRAVINA, G. DE A.; SOUSA, L. B. DE ;GONÇALVES, A. C. DA S. ; OLIVEIRA, M. L. F. Avaliação do desenvolvimento de 73 genótipos de capim-elefante em Campos dos Goytacazes - RJ. Boletim Indústria animal, v.70, p.119-131, 2013.
OLIVEIRA, M. L. F; DAHER, R. F.; GRAVINA, G. A.; SILVA, V.B.; VIANA, A.P.; RODRIGUES, E.V.; SHIMOYA A.; AMARAL JÚNIOR A.T.; MENEZES, B.R.S. ;ROCHA, A.S. Pre-breeding of elephant grass for energy purposes and biomass analysis in Campos dos Goytacazes-RJ, Brazil. African Journal Agricultural Research, v. 9, p. 2743-2758, 2014.
ROCHA, A.S.; DAHER, R.F.; GRAVINA, G.A.; PEREIR,A A.V.; RODRIGUES, E.V.; VIANA, A.P.; OLIVEIRA, E.S. Comparison of stability methods in elephant-grass genotypes for energy purposes. African Journal of Agricultural Research, v. 10, p. 4283-4294, 2015.
ROSSI, D.A.; MENEZES, B.R.S.; DAHER, R.F.; GRAVINA, G.A.; LIMA, R.S.N.; LÉDO, F.J.S.; GOTTARDO, R.D.; CAMPOSTRINI, E. ; SOUZA, C. L.M. Canonical correlations in elephant grass for energy purposes. African Journal Biotechnology,v. 36, p. 3666-3671, 2014.
SANTOS M. M. P.; DAHER, R. F.; PONCIANO, N. J.; DE AMARAL GRAVINA, G.; PEREIRA, A.V.; SANT'ANA, J. A.; SANTOS, C. L. Características produtivas de capim-elefante sob doses de fósforo e nitrogênio para fins energéticos. Científica, v. 42, p.354-365,2014.
SANTO, M. M. P.; DAHER, R. F.; PONCIANO, N. J.; GRAVINA ,G. A.; PEREIRA, A. V.; SANTOS, C. L. Respostas do capim-elefante sob doses de adubação azotada de cobertura para fins energéticos. Revista de Ciências Agrárias, v. 37, p.100-108, 2014.
SCAPIM, C. A.; PACHECO, C. A. P.; AMARAL JÚNIOR, A. T.; VIEIRA, A.; PINTO, R. J. B.; CONRADO, T. V. Correlations between the stability and adaptability statistics of popcorn cultivars. Euphytica, 174, 209-218, 2010.
SCHOLL, A. L.; MENEGOL, D.; PITARELO, A.P.; FONTANA, R.C.; ZANDONA FILHO, A.; RAMOS, L.P.; DILLON, A.J.P.; CAMASSOLA M. Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum.) pretreated via steam explosion as a carbon source for cellulases and xylanases in submerged cultivation. Industrial Crops and Products ,v. 70, p. 280–291, 2015.
SINGH, S. A.; SINGH, V.V.; CHOUDHARY A. D. Genotype× environment interaction and yield stability analysis in multienvironment. Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems, v. 17, n.3, 2014.
SOMERVILLE, C.; YOUNGS H.; TAYLO C.; DAVIS S.C.; LONGS, S.P. Feedstocks for lignocellulosic biofuels. Science,v. 329,p. 790–792, 2010.
STEEL, R.G.D.; TORRIE, J.H.; DICKEY, D.A.Principles and procedures of statistics: A biometrical approach. New York, USA: McGraw-Hill Press, 1996, 230p.