HYGROSCOPICITY OF WOOD FROM Eucalyptus grandis AND Pinus taeda SUBJECTED TO THERMAL TREATMENT

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Karina Soares Modes Elio José Santini Magnos Alan Vivian

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effect of the thermal treatment technique under two conditions—autoclave

combined with electric oven and electric oven only—on the hygroscopic properties of wood from Pinus taeda L. and Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maiden, comparing them with results obtained for untreated wood. Three trees at age 25 years were sampled, with boards being removed at DBH level in order to make specimens 2.5 x 2.5 x 5.0 cm in size in the radial, tangential and axial direction respectively. In the combined treatment, specimens were subjected to thermal treatment in an autoclave set at 130°C/± 3°C and kgf/ cm² pressure for 3 hours, then to a conditioning period, followed by heat in an electric oven set at 160°C/±1°C for the same time. Properties being evaluated included water absorption rate, volumetric swelling, water repellency effectiveness and anti-swelling efficiency. Results revealed that the thermal treatments being adopted were effective in reducing hygroscopicity and in increasing the dimensional stability of both species, revealing also that the combined autoclave and electric oven treatment provides best results. 

Article Details

How to Cite
MODES, Karina Soares; SANTINI, Elio José; VIVIAN, Magnos Alan. HYGROSCOPICITY OF WOOD FROM Eucalyptus grandis AND Pinus taeda SUBJECTED TO THERMAL TREATMENT. CERNE, [S.l.], v. 19, n. 1, p. 19-25, apr. 2016. ISSN 2317-6342. Available at: <http://cerne.ufla.br/site/index.php/CERNE/article/view/872>. Date accessed: 17 sep. 2019.
Keywords
Thermal treatment of wood, eucalyptus, pinewood, hygroscopic properties
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Article