EFFECTS OF THERMAL TREATMENT ON THE PHYSICOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF GIANT BAMBOO

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Wandivaldi Antonio Colla Antonio Ludovico Beraldo José Otávio Brito

Abstract

Despite countless use possibilities for bamboo, this material has two major disadvantages. One drawback is the low natural durability of most bamboo species due to presence of starch in their parenchyma cells. The other equally important drawback is the tendency bamboo has to present dimensional variations if subjected to environmental change conditions. In an attempt to minimize these inconveniences, strips (laths) of Dendrocalamus giganteus Munro were taken from different portions of the culm and subjected to several temperatures, namely 140 °C, 180 °C, 220 °C, 260 °C and 300 °C under laboratory conditions, at the ESALQ-USP college of agriculture. The thermal treatment process was conducted in noninert and inert atmospheres (with nitrogen), depending on temperature Specimens were then subjected to physicomechanical characterization tests in order to determine optimum thermal treatment conditions in which to preserve to the extent possible the original bamboo properties. Results revealed that there is an optimum temperature range, between 140 ° and 220 °C, whereby thermally treated bamboo does not significantly lose its mechanical properties while at the same time showing greater dimensional stability in the presence of moisture. 

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How to Cite
COLLA, Wandivaldi Antonio; BERALDO, Antonio Ludovico; BRITO, José Otávio. EFFECTS OF THERMAL TREATMENT ON THE PHYSICOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF GIANT BAMBOO. CERNE, [S.l.], v. 17, n. 3, p. 361-367, may 2015. ISSN 2317-6342. Available at: <http://cerne.ufla.br/site/index.php/CERNE/article/view/56>. Date accessed: 16 sep. 2019.
Keywords
Thermal treatment, Dendrocalamus giganteus
Section
Article