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The main objective of this study was the analysis of anthropometric factors of chainsaw operators in clear-cutting of Eucalyptus plantations, in mountainous areas, in view to understand the relationship between the somatotype and the productivity variation. The short-wood cutting method was used. The data collection took place on a forest enterprise, in the Vale do Rio Doce region, at the state of Minas Gerais, in Brazil, from October of 1995 to February of 1996. The study encompassed human factors, anthropometry and somatotype of a sample of 29 chainsaw operators. The prevailing component on somatotype of chainsaw operators was the mesomorphie. So the individuals with prevailance of muscular tissues have better adaptation to the task . Individual productivity varied from 7.98 to 13.08 m3/day. The ideal chainsaw operator to work in mountainous region with high productivity in mountaineous regions, is a mesomorphe-endomorphical type.