Net Primary Productivity of a Mountain Forest Ecosystem as Affected by Climate and Topography

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Bayram Cemil Bilgili



  • NPP generally decreased significantly between 2000 and 2010 in the study area

  • NPP was significantly correlated with climate and topography variables

  • Quality control charts was useful to evaluate summer drought impact on NPP

  • Topograhy-plant composition interactions affected NPP response to climate variation

  • May, April, and June mean monthly temperatures affected NPP drastically


Response of terrestrial ecosystems to changing climate has become an issue of central importance for land managers and policy makers. Climate extremes and trends have a strong control on productivity of semi-arid mountain ecosystems. Located in a transition zone from continental type climate to relatively mild Black sea type climate in Turkey, the Ilgaz Mountains with their rich biodiversity, provide a unique opportunity to evaluate vulnerability of a typical semi-arid mountain ecosystem to climate change.  Therefore, we evaluated spatio-temporal variation of annual net primary productivity (NPP) of Ilgaz Mountains predicted by Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), as affected by topography and climate between 2000 and 2010. The annual MODIS NPP ranged from 500 to 912 g m-2 y-1. Elevation, slope aspect, and vegetation type were significantly correlated with MODIS NPP. The MODIS NPP was decreasing and highly sensitive to droughts across the study area in the study period. The response of MODIS NPP to climate was highly site- and time-specific. Multiple interactions among climate, plant composition, and topography were the principal determinants of the temporal pattern as well as drought sensitivity of MODIS NPP to climate between 2000 and 2010. Quality control charts showed that MODIS NPP decreased sharply in 2003 and 2007 droughts.  The result obtained in this study contributed to our understanding of climate, topography, and vegetation composition interactions in a typical mountain ecosystem.

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How to Cite
BILGILI, Bayram Cemil. Net Primary Productivity of a Mountain Forest Ecosystem as Affected by Climate and Topography. CERNE, [S.l.], p. 356-368, nov. 2020. ISSN 2317-6342. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 01 dec. 2020.