LEAF MICROMOPHOMETRY OF Palicourea rigida Kunth. (Rubiaceae) FROM BRAZILIAN CERRADO AND CAMPO RUPESTRE ENVIRONMENTS

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Manuel Losada Gavilanes Evaristo Mauro de Castro Marinês Ferreira Pires Fabricio José Pereira Márcio Paulo Pereira

Abstract

The objective of this work was to evaluate qualitative and quantitative leaf anatomical traits of Palicourea rigida Kunth. (Rubiaceae) species occurring in the Brazilian Cerrado and Campo Rupestre ecosystems. Anatomical analysis was performed in fresh or fixed leaves processed with usual plant microtechnique. Leaves showed uniseriate epidermis in petiole and leaf blade which contains uniseriate nonglandular tricomes (tector type) occurring only over the vascular bundles. Likewise, paracytic stomata were found only in abaxial side of the leaf surface. The mesophyll contains uniseriate palisade parenchyma and multiseriate spongy parenchyma (nine layers) which showed cells with different morphology and size. Crystal idoblasts of different types were observed in both the petiole and leaf blade. Collateral vascular bundles were found both in the petiole and leaf blade. Leaf venation type was pinnate, campylodromous or brochydodromous. The micromorphometric analysis showed significant differences from plants of different environments for all leaf characteristics and Cerrado plants showed higher means for all evaluated traits. Therefore, the influence of environments may had modulated morphological responses in P. rigida, since no difference was found in the type or distribution of leaf tissues in Cerrado or Campo Rupestre.

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How to Cite
GAVILANES, Manuel Losada et al. LEAF MICROMOPHOMETRY OF Palicourea rigida Kunth. (Rubiaceae) FROM BRAZILIAN CERRADO AND CAMPO RUPESTRE ENVIRONMENTS. CERNE, [S.l.], v. 22, n. 2, p. 163-170, june 2016. ISSN 2317-6342. Available at: <http://cerne.ufla.br/site/index.php/CERNE/article/view/1201>. Date accessed: 22 sep. 2019.
Keywords
Leaf sclerophylly, Qualitative anatomy, Ecological Anatomy, Douradinha-do-campo, Morphological plasticity
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Article